Brain Injury Treatment

A severe brain injury occurs when trauma to the brain produces a significant neurological injury, resulting in noticeable physiologic changes to a person’s brain and functioning. There are four types of injury that can cause various types of trauma to the brain:

  • Closed Head Injuries:  These injuries occur when brain tissue impacts the inside of the skull. This can cause anything from bleeding, bruising, severe or moderate tissue damage, specific neurochemical changes, increased intra-cranial pressure and fluid buildup.
  • Penetrating injuries:  These include open fractures of the skull, such as gunshot wounds, or the entry of any foreign object into the brain itself as well as an injury causing fragments of the skull to enter the brain. The resulting damage to the brain structure can cause many adverse changes to the function of the brain itself.
  • Anoxic injuries:  These occur when a lack or reduction of oxygen causes brain cells to die. Anoxic injuries can produce widespread effects throughout various parts of the brain.
  • Toxic injuries:   This form of brain injury is caused by exposure to certain toxic chemical agents, which can cross the blood-brain barrier and damage or even kill brain cells.

At Brookhaven, doctors will determine the severity of brain injuries (they can be categorized as mild, moderate or severe) and then determine the best type of treatments for each patient’s specific diagnosis. Sometimes, a brain injury is obvious, such as a fracture to the skull or another type of trauma, but other instances have less of a visual cue, which is often seen in anoxic injuries. Brookhaven’s team of doctors can determine the best way to stabilize life systems, which can be affected following a brain injury, as well as determine the best rehabilitation program to be considered after the patient has been stabilized.

Medical rehabilitation programs provide restorative therapies such as physiotherapy, occupational therapy and speech therapy, while continuing to provide both medical and nursing supervision. Once hospital-based rehabilitation programs have been completed patients may require a community-based program or ongoing outpatient rehabilitation services. In cases where the injury has caused severe and persisting high care needs, some patients may require ongoing rehabilitation in extended or long-term care environments, all of which are offered at Brookhaven.

Our goal is to minimize symptoms, help individuals address their own life problems and then empower them to live fulfilling lives.

To set up an initial visit, arrange an appointment, or find out more information, please call us at  888-298-4673.