Personality Disorder Treatment

Personality Disorder Treatment

Personality disorders are chronic psychological disorders that can negatively impact work, family and social life. Though they may vary in severity during a person’s life, triggers such as times of increased stress or life changes can heighten the symptoms of a personality disorder, seriously affecting an individual’s emotional and psychological functioning.

Types of personality disorders are:

  • Narcissistic personality disorder
  • Paranoid personality disorder
  • Social anxiety disorder

Narcissistic personality disorder is marked by a strong, inflated sense of self-worth coupled with an extreme preoccupation with oneself. Though it’s not yet known what causes this disorder, it can be diagnosed and treated. Though it may seem like someone is just haughty or proud of himself or herself, sufferers often develop alcoholism and other addictions, which can cause problems with work and relationships. People who are suffering from narcissistic personality disorder may show the following symptoms:

  • Reaction to criticism with rage or shame
  • Taking advantage of others for self-gain
  • Unexpected expectations of favorable treatment
  • Disregarding the feelings of others
  • Preoccupation with oneself
  • Constant need for attention

In contrast, paranoid personality disorder involves a strong distrust of others. Unlike narcissists, sufferers of paranoia may shut themselves off from the rest of the world even though they have little evidence of their distrust and fear. They may feel a constant sense of danger and go to extremes to prove that their suspicions have some grounds in reality. The following symptoms may be evidence of paranoid personality disorder:

  • Obsession with the possibility of hidden motives behind everyday activities
  • Inability to work with others
  • Expectations of exploitation
  • Detachment from reality
  • Hostility towards others

One of the most intense psychological disorders that can affect an individual’s life is a personality disorder. Borderline personality disorder (BPD) is characterized by the instability in mood, interpersonal relationships, self-image and behavior. This can disrupt family life, work life and the individual’s sense of self-identity.

Borderline personality disorder affects many adults in America, though it is more commonly reported in young women. Sufferers have a higher rate of self-injury, self-mutilation and attempted suicide. Patients dealing with a personality disorder often need extensive mental health services in order to successfully recover and cope. With professional help, many improve over time and are eventually able to lead productive lives.

While the causes of borderline personality disorder have not yet been confirmed, it is believed that genetic and environmental factors can predispose people to develop personality disorders. Researchers believe the environmental stress, neglect or abuse in young children or a series of harmful events can lead to neurologic and behavioral changes associated with BPD.

Adults with borderline personality disorder are also more likely to become the victim of violence, including rape and other crimes. This can result from the combination of harmful environments with the impulsivity and poor judgment that marks personality disorders.

Read more about BPD here.

Here are a few signs that you or someone you love may be dealing with a personality disorder:

  • Intense feelings of dependency
  • Frantic efforts to avoid real or imagined abandonment and loss
  • Unstable and intense interpersonal relationships
  • Unstable self-image
  • Impulsivity in any of the following areas:
    • spending
    • sex
    • substance abuse
    • reckless driving
    • binge eating
  • Self-injurious behaviors
  • Recurring suicidal behavior, gestures, or threats
  • Irritability
  • Anxiety
  • Feelings of emptiness
  • Inappropriate or intense anger
  • Stress-related paranoid thoughts

Personality disorders can make everyday life extremely difficult. They frequently occur in combination with other mental health problems, such as depression, bipolar disorder, or anxiety disorders.

Personality Disorder Treatment

Brookhaven Hospital offers inpatient residential and outpatient treatment options for the different types of personality disorders. By providing professional, effective care, we can help individuals regain control of their mental health challenges and their lives. A recent survey showed that over 92% of Brookhaven’s patients felt that the services they received helped them with their problems.

Personal change is possible with help. If you or someone you know has a personality disorder, contact Brookhaven Hospital at 1-888-298-4673.